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Merzhin
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PostSubject: Arthurian genealogy   Wed Mar 03, 2010 2:24 am

FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO HAVE TROUBLE IDENTIFYING WHO IS WHO IN THE ARTHURIANA, HERE IS A DOCUMENT THAT WILL PUZZLE YOU EVEN MORE... INDEED, FROM MANUSCRIPT TO MANUSCRIPT THE STORY CHANGES AS WELL AS THE LINKS THAT BIND THEM! PLEASE FIND IN THE FOLLOWING LIST THE ORIGINS OF EACH CHARACTER ACCORDING TO THE SOURCE (note that the name after preposition 'in' is the name of one of the many authors of the many sources of Arthurian Lore)



Families of Arthurian Figures:


Arthur's parents:

Almost universally Arthur's parents are Ygerna and Uther.
They are Arnive and Utepandragun in Wolfram.
They are Baradoc and Tia in Victor Canning.

Arthur's wife:

Guinevere. Sometimes she is said (by Giraldus Cambrensis, discussing the leaden cross found at Glastonbury) to be his second wife. Sometimes Arthur had in succession two or three wives, all named Guinevere.
Though not his wife, Gloriana is the object of Arthur's love and fascination in Edmund Spenser.
In Fielding, he is married to Dollalolla.

Guinevere:

Variants of the name include Guenhwyfar, Ginover, and (in Sir Walter Scott) Guendolyn.
Wife of Arthur.
Usually daughter of Leodegan; in Thelwall, she is the daughter of Vortigern.
Lancelot is traditionally her lover.
Bedwyr is her lover in Rosemary Sutcliff and Mary Stewart.
In Victor Canning, she had many lovers.
In Jaap ter Haar, her brother is Modred.

Arthur's children:

In Welsh tradition, he is said to have had three illegitimate sons: Amr (in Geraint), Gwydre (in Culhwch and Olwen), and Llacheu.
In Wace, he is childless.
In the Perlesvaus he and Guinevere have a legitimate son Loholt (the name, presumably, is the same as Llacheu).
In the Vulgate Merlin, Loholt is Arthur's illegitimate son.
In the Post-Vulgate, Arthur rapes a young woman and fathers a child, named Arthur the Less (le Petit).
In some cases, Mordred is not his nephew (as in Geoffrey), but his illegitimate son (in Vulgate and Malory), the result of incest between Arthur and Morgause (or Anna, in Thomas Hughes); in Jaap ter Haar, Modred is Guinevere's brother and thus Arthur's brother-in-law.
In Malory I, 7, Borre is son of Arthur and Lyzianor.
In Wolfram, his son is Ilinot.
In Henry Fielding, his daughter is called Huncamunca.
In Sir Walter Scott, Arthur and Guendolyn have a daughter Gyneth.
He has a son named Bran in Susan Cooper.
He has a daughter Ursulet in Vera Chapman.
In Victor Canning, he is childless.
In Barbara Ferry Johnson's novel, Lionors, he has a daughter Elise.

Arthur's nephews and niece:

Geoffrey first says that Lot marries Arthur's sister Anna, then contradicts himself and mentions Morgause instead; they have two children: Arthur's nephews Gawain and Mordred. Elsewhere, Morgause and Lot have four sons: Gawain, Agravain, Gaheris, and Gareth (the last two are sometimes confused), and in later traditions (the Vulgate and Malory), Mordred is Arthur's illegitimate son, the result of his incestuous relationship with Morgause (or, according to some authors, with Anna). In Wolfram, Gawain's mother is not Morgause, but Sangive; his father is still Lot.
Hoel is Arthur's nephew in Geoffrey.
Sometimes (as in the Didot-Perceval) Gawain has a sister named Elaine. In Wolfram, his sister is named Cundrie.

Gawain

Arthur's nephew.
Usually son of Lot and Morgause (occasionally Lot and Anna?).
In Wolfram, his mother is Sangive.
In Chrétien, he is Soredamors's brother (and thus (Cligés's uncle)
Mordred is either his brother or his half-brother.
3 brothers: Gareth, Gaheris, Agravain (sometimes Gareth and Gaheris--Fr. Gaheris or Gaheres, Guerrehés--conflated).
In Didot-Perceval he has a sister Elaine.

Gawain's son

Guinglain in Renaut de Beaujeu, Gyglain in Roman de Laurin (Giglan in Claude Platin).
Beaudous in Robert de Blois.
Lionel in the First Continuation of Chrétien.
Wigalois in Wigalois.

Arthur's sisters:

A sister Anna (in Geoffrey and Wace). Generally three half sisters (in Malory and after): Morgause, Morgan le Fay, and Elaine. In Tennyson, his half-sister is Bellicent, who marries Lot (traditionally, Morgause marries him).

Galahad:

Traditionally the son of Lancelot and Elaine.
In the Vulgate Lancelot, the son of Amide (in some mss)
The son of Guinevere in Richard Hovey.
In Barjavel, his mother is Elwenn.

Lancelot:

Father of Galahad, lover (usually) of Guinevere.
Son of Ban (first named in Vulgate) and, usually, of the daughter of Pelles (often named Elaine of Corbenic); Pelles a lord of the Grail Castle).
Reared by the Lady of the Lake (usually named Niniane).
Cousin of Bors and Lionel.

Percival's parents and grandparents:

Unnamed in Chrétien.
His father is Bliocadran in the "Bliocadran Prologue" later added to Chrétien's romance.
His parents are Gahmuret and Herzeloyde in Wolfram, where his grandfather is Frimutel and his great-grandfather is Titurel (both past Lords of the Grail).
His father is Alain in Robert de Boron and the Didot-Percival.
In the Perlesvaus, manuscripts give his father's name variously as Alain, Yvain, Julian, Vilein, Ulain, etc. His mother in this work is Yglais.
In the Didot-Perceval, his grandfather is Bron (brother-in-law of Joseph of Arimathea).
In the Perlesvaus, his grandfather is Gais li Gros.
His father is Pellinore in Malory and afterward.
Where his father is Pellinore, his grandfather is generally Pellam (occasionally it is Pelles, who is most often the brother--not the father--of Pellinore).

Perceval's sons:

In Wolfram, Loherangrin (Lohengrin) and Kardeiz.
In the Dutch Moriaen, Moriaen is his son.

Perceval's brothers and sisters:

In Peredur Perceval is the youngest of seven sons of Efrog.
Has two unnamed brothers in Chrétien, eleven in the "Bliocadran Prologue."
In Non-cyclic Lancelot, his sister is Amide.
In Wolfram, he has a half-brother Feirefiz.
His sister is Dandrane in Perlesvaus.
Where he is the son of Pellinore (as in Malory), his brothers are generally Aglovale, Lamorek, Dornar, and Tor; sisters are Eleine and Amide. (Also has brothers--or at least one--in the Post-Vulgate)

Perceval's wife:

In Wolfram, Parzival is married to Condwiramurs.

Grail King and/or Fisher King (sometimes the same figure, sometimes, as in Chrétien, different):

Unnamed in Chrétien, the Fisher King is Perceval's cousin, and the old king kept alive by the Grail is the Fisher King's father.
Anfortas (Parzival's uncle) in Wolfram; before Anfortas, Frimutel and Titurel.
Bron (Perceval's grandfather), then Alain in Robert de Boron and Didot-Perceval.
Alain is the first Fisher King in the Vulgate Estoire.
Messios in Perlesvaus.
In the Queste the Fisher King's father is Parlan. King is Mordrain?, who is then replaced by Galahad.
In some texts, Pelles is the king.

Merlin:

Traditionally (e.g., in Geoffrey) born of an incubus and a virgin.
Nephew of Uther (illegitimate son of Ambrosius Aurelianus) in Mary Stewart.

Lady of the Lake:

Generally named Viviane, Niniane, or Nimue.
Nina in Wordsworth.
Argente in Richard Hovey.

Morgan le Fay:

Often married (in Suite du Merlin, for example) to Urien; thus mother of Yvain/Owain.
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